Three to four year olds are taught in the school of arts at the Waldorf primary school. In an environment full of love and warmth amidst lots of songs, stories, plays, artistic and practical activities children live as in a big family. Teachers familiarize themselves with each child’s personality and together with its parents discuss how it walks along its own way, what it needs and how they can help it together. They know that at this age children get to know themselves and connect to the world mainly through imitation and strive to be worthy role models. The method of upbringing and training is based on the knowledge about the stages of children development at different ages as well as on monitoring of how each one of them individually passes through these stages.
The surrounding environment full with physical warmth through colors, forms and materials as well as spiritual warmth through the behavior of the adult promotes the crystallization of each child’s individuality. Free play with natural materials (fabrics, wooden cubes, knitted bands, chestnuts, acorns, sea shells) is healthy food for fantasy, imagination and development of the senses, and keeping the daily, weekly and annual rhythms inspires children with the sense of security.
Practical, artistic and intellectual activities interweave in harmony with the daily lives of children to be able to build will, emotions and mind, to gain confidence in their own capabilities thus promoting the all-round development of their personalities.
When the moment for replacement of primary teeth arrives imitation forces through which children have learned so far decrease and learning through imitation gives way to more formal education through instruction. So far teachers have performed activities during which it has been expected from the children to help voluntarily, but now this is required from them, so “must” appears on the scene.