In Waldorf schools, main lesson subjects are taught in blocks of 3-4 weeks. During a block, every day the subject of the main lesson remains the same – it could be literature, mathematics, geography, history, and so on. In this way, the child concentrates on that subject, and may even develop a keen interest into it. After a period of “saturation”, the main lesson is changed, and a new block begins. During the next block, the child works subconsciously on the previous subject. This internal process helps assimilate and remember long term. When the next block of the same subject comes after a few months, the child is ready to work on it at a new level.
In music classes, kids learn to sing and play one or two musical instruments, depending on their age. In first grade, they start with playing the recorder. Older students play also a second musical instrument. Starting from the pre-school group, children study Bulgarian folk dances. Older students study modern dances. In fourth grade, students also get acting classes in their curriculum.
Eurhythmy is a Waldorf form of art combining musical and speech rhythms with body movements. Apart from being a beautiful visual art, it also helps children develop their sense of coordination, sense of rhythm, auditory and social skills.
Crafts teach children to focus on their tasks until their full completion, and have a positive impact on their whole neurological system. They develop fine motor skills, which is very important for the correct writing of letters and numbers. Depending on the age of the children, they do felting, knitting, sewing, beeswax and clay modelling, sculpture and woodwork.
Our school has an organic garden (our “Green Garden” project) of fruits, vegetables and flowers grown by teachers, children and parents. Children learn through experience. Children participate actively in seasonal organic farming activities: seeding, planting, mulching, fertilization, watering, harvesting, etc. Apart from gardening, this helps children learn elements from biology, math, and foreign languages.
Free play, outings, sports, museums
Every day the curriculum includes open air time when children play at the school yard or they go to the park nearby. On Friday, there are short trips to Vitosha Mountain or tours to museums, exhibitions or theater.
Depending on the age of the students, there are also sports as part of the curriculum.